赢发彩票

園林綠化苗木產業發展總體趨勢

添加時間:2015-08-16 來源:惠州中隆建設工程有限公司

隨著國家對環境保護和城市生態的日益重視綠化市場將在近5年中推向高峰。然而從目前國內綠化情況來看全國綠化苗木總量過剩,大規格苗木供應不足,區域性種植品種不盡合理,國內苗木市場的階段性、結構性過剩的問題已經出現,結合目前的現狀,全國苗木市場呈現以下發展趨勢。

 

 

大中型苗木俏

 

由于市場期望園林景觀帶來最快的效益導致以大規格苗木為主體的中高檔花木品種、名貴特色樹種都十分俏銷。

上海“十一五”林業綠化規劃表明對喬木需求16.8萬株以胸徑在8~10cm以上為主其中用量排在前十位的香樟、廣玉蘭、雪松、水杉、銀杏、櫸樹、懸鈴木、無患子、樸樹和欒樹等苗木都是大規格苗木。

 

彩色樹種受歡迎

 

為強化城市季相變化豐富綠化色彩效果,綠化工程中可以增加大量的色葉樹種。根據上海市公布的“十一五”林業綠化規劃目標,上海計劃推廣彩葉植物500萬株。北京計劃在今后一段時間內增加300萬株彩葉樹種,這一舉措推動了彩葉樹種的需求量。第三、四屆中國苗木經紀人大會上來自全國各地的苗木經紀人投票產生的2007、2008年20個熱點苗木品種中彩葉植物分別占了45%和35%。

 

容器苗木潛力大

 

隨著綠化工程對苗木的標準提升要求全冠移植、反季節移植施工的工程增加對苗木的整體性、存活率要求越來越高。容器苗具有栽植不受季節限制、整體性好、成活率高等特點將成為市場新寵。目前國內中大規格的容器苗處于嘗試階段,容器苗市場的空缺注定誰搶先,誰先得益。目前美國容器育苗約占總苗木的70%~75%,浙江、江蘇等綠化苗木發展較快的省份也開始了這方面的嘗試,森禾已經在重慶、四川、安徽、江蘇等地建立了規模化的現代容器苗圃。

 

苗木需求多樣化



  隨著人們生活水平提高出現很多農業觀光休閑區,近年觀果類果樹苗木發展強勁。為了增加城市生物的多樣性,利用觀果類苗木吸引鳥類,讓居民在城市當中也可以體驗鳥語花香的境界,忍冬科等苗木在綠化應用上逐年增多。宿根花卉新品種金娃娃萱草花期為5至11月具有很長的觀賞期,這種四季開花的宿根花卉新品種是未來發展的趨勢。花灌木呈現多品種需求勢態,花色艷、花期長、花形異等具體表現好的品種需求增加。此外,隨著國家城鄉建設與住房保障部頒布的《國家生態園林城市》標準的暫行規定,對本地植物指數要大于等于0.7,表明鄉土植物是未來城市綠化美化中的主角。區域特色品牌苗木根據氣候特點、現有資源和野生園林植物資源進行產業布局。
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